FAQ

  |   FAQ

FAQ About Air/sea Freight And Landlocked Countries

  • What Is Freight Forwarding

    Freight Forwarding Is A Service Used By Companies That Deal In International Or Multi-national Import And Export.

    While The Freight Forwarder Is The Expert In The Field Of International Freight Forwarding Logistics And Supply Chain Management Who Oversees The Movement Of Goods Or Move The Freight Itself From The Point Of Pick Up Till Delivery.

    Freight Forwarding Services Include Acting As An Intermediary Between The Client And Various Transportation Services Or As A Principal Who Oversees And Ensures The Smooth Movement And Assume All Responsibilities.

    Sending Products From One International Destination To Another Can Involve A Multitude Of Carriers, Requirements And Legalities. A Freight Forwarding Service Handles The Considerable Logistics Of This Task For The Client, Relieving What Would Otherwise Be A Formidable Burden.

    Freight Forwarding Services Guarantee That Products Will Get To The Proper Destination By An Agreed Upon Date, And In Good Condition. The Freight Forwarding Service Utilizes Established Relationships With Carriers Of All Kinds, From Air Freighters And Trucking Companies, To Rail Freighters And Ocean Liners.

    A Freight Forwarding Service Generally Provides One Or More Estimates To The Client Along With Advisement, When Necessary. Considerations That Effect Price Will Range From Origin And Destination To Special Requirements, Such As Refrigeration Or, For Example, Transport Of Potentially Hazardous Materials. Assuming The Client Accepts The Forwarder’s Bid, The Freight Is Readied For Shipping. The Freight Forwarding Service Then Undertakes The Responsibility Of Arranging The Transport From Point Of Origin To Destination.

    Freight Forwarders Negotiate The Best Possible Price To Move The Product Along The Most Economical Route By Working Out Various Bids And Choosing The One That Best Balances Speed, Cost And Reliability.

    A Freight Forwarding Service Generally Provides One Or More Estimates To The Client Along With Advisement, When Necessary. Considerations That Effect Price Will Range From Origin And Destination To Special Requirements, Such As Refrigeration Or, For Example, Transport Of Potentially Hazardous Materials. Assuming The Client Accepts The Forwarder’s Bid, The Freight Is Readied For Shipping. The Freight Forwarding Service Then Undertakes The Responsibility Of Arranging The Transport From Point Of Origin To Destination.

    One Of The Many Advantages Of Using Freight Forwarding Is That It Handles Ancillary Services That Are A Part Of The International Shipping Business. Insurance And Customs Documentation And Clearance Are Some Examples. As A Consolidator, A Freight Forwarding Service Might Also Provide Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier (NVOCC) Documentation, Or Bills Of Lading. Warehousing, Risk Assessment And Management, And Methods Of International Payment Are Also Commonly Provided To The Client By The Freight Forwarding Service.

    A Good Freight Forwarding Service Can Save The Client Untold Time And Potential Headaches While Providing Reliable Transportation Of Products At Competitive Rates. A Freight Forwarding Service Is An Asset To Almost Any Company Dealing In International Transportation Of Goods, And Is Especially Helpful When In-house Resources Are Not Versed In International Shipping Procedures.

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  • What Are The Usual Methods Of Freight Payment?

    Most Freight Payments Are Done With A Company Check. However You Can Also Pay With Wire Transfer Or Credit Card (subject To Administrative Fee). Payment Is Sent Right Around The Time The Freight Is Due To Arrive, Clear Customs And Be Released.

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  • What Can I Do To Prevent Delays And Ensure A Smooth Process Of The Shipment?

    Firstly, Make Sure Your Supplier Overseas (on Imports) Or If You Are The Supplier For An Export Shipment, Creates All Of The Necessary Documents Correctly (packing Lists, Commercial Invoice, Original Bill Of Lading-OB/L) And In A Timely Fashion, So That All Documents Are Provided With The Necessary Banks And Sent To You (the Importer) Or Your Buyer-consignee On The B/L (if You Are The Exporter) At Least 1 Week Before Cargo Arrives The Destination So That Everything Can Be Processed Through Customs Ahead Of Schedule And Freight Can Be Paid Along With Presentation Of The Original B/L. One Factor That Usually Slows This Process Down Is When There Is Discrepancies Between The Buyer And Supplier And Since The Goods Are Not Paid For, The OB/L Has Not Been Surrendered By The Supplier To The Consignee (buyer)

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  • How Many Containers Do You Move A Year?

    About 1500 A Year

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  • Can You Ship My Vehicle Internationally?

    Yes

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  • Any Advice For A First Time Shipper?

    We Have 5 Tips For You.

    Tip #1: Save Container Transport Cost By Preparing To Load Your Container In Less Than 2 Hrs.
    When The Driver Shows Up To Your Site, The First 2 Hours Are Included In Your Fees. We Recommend Staffing Up And Preparing In Advance To Load The Container As Quickly As Possible To Avoid Overtime Charges.

    Tip #2: Prepare Shipping Container Contents For Extremes
    Containers Are Subject To Extreme Conditions. There Are Wild Swings In Temperature And Humidity Inside The Container – They Go Through The Panama Canal And Sometimes Around The Cape. Containers Are Subjected To Triple Digit Heat And Humidity To Sub-zero Temperatures While In Storage Or In Transport Or Transit.

    Tip #3: Carefully Declare ANY Organic Cargo Or Dangerous Cargo
    Plants, Edible Plants, Vegetables And Fruit Are All Treated Differently Depending On The Origin And Destination Of The Shipment. If Customs Finds Any Undeclared Organic Cargo, The Can Quarantine Your Container And Charge You Daily Holding Fees.

    Tip #4: Properly Insure Your Cargo
    Plan For “attrition”. All Of The Contents Don’t Always Make It All Of The Time.
    There Will Be Some “attrition” – Containers Get Inspected, Sometimes By Unscrupulous Dock/deck Hands…this Isn’t REALLY Considered Stealing, As The Items In Transit, Technically Are The Property Of The Shipping Company. Contact Us To Securing, Insuring And Properly Declaring Your Container Contents To Manage Risk Of Inspection, Suspicion, Mistakes And “attrition”.

    Tip #5: Understand That Freight Forwarding Is Both An Art And A Science.
    Many Companies And Handlers Are Involved In Moving Your Container, Here Are Just A Few Possible Examples: Trucking Company (ies) Outbound (your Door To The Port Of Origin Or Train Yard), Crane Operations Transferring Container From Truck To Train, And Train To Ship. That’s Just To Get The Container To The Ship, Then The Reverse Happens On The Other Side…it’s A REALLY Rough Ride, Even In Good Weather.

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  • How Are Bulk Cargo Shipped To/from LANDLOCKED Countries

    Shipment To Or From Landlocked Countries Must Past Via A Neighboring Port Before Transiting To Final Destination By Land Or Rail, And Vice Versa.

    This Is One Of Our Main Activity As We Handle Transit Shipment To Or From Chad And Central Africa Republic. So Contact Us To Get More Details

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  • Does Size Matter For Air Shipment?

    Yes, Air Freight Is Based On Both The Actual Weight And Changeable Weight Of The Cargo.

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  • How Is Changeable Weight Calculated?

    There Is A Special Formula.
    Just Give Us All Three Dimensions And We Will Calculate The Chargeable Weight For You.

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  • What Is The Maximum Size Or Weight?

    This Varies Depending On The Airline So Please Ask Us.
    As A Rule Of Thumb, Maximum Normal Cargo Dimensions: 120x80x60in.
    As The Weight And Size Increase So Will The Cost. If Your Cargo Is Oversized Or Requires Special Handling, Ask Us About Special Rates.

    PICK UP & DROP OFF

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  • Do You Have Warehouse Where I Can Drop Off The Cargo?

    Yes, We Have Receiving Warehouse Near All Major Airports.
    Please Let Us Know Your Cargo Location And We Will Advise You The Closest Receiving Warehouse.

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  • How And Where Can We Pick Up The Cargo At Destination?

    We Will Provide You With The Necessary Paperwork For Custom Clearance, Once Custom Is Done, You Can Go To The Warehouse To Pick Up The Cargo.
    We Also Advise You To Check With Destination Custom Prior To Shipment Departs, Just To Make Sure If There’s Any Special Rule & Regulation At Destination For Certain Commodities

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  • Can You Handle Door Delivery At Destination? Can You Handle Pick Up From Residential Area?

    Yes, Please Help To Provide Us Your Door Address, And We Will Check The Cost For You

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  • What Are Some Of The Destination Charges?

    There May Be Airport Fees, Warehouse Fees, Custom Clearance Charges, And Duty/tax And Door Delivery Charges.
    Of Course, If Your Cargo Is Chosen For Custom Exam At Destination, Please Prepare To Home Charges And Delays For Getting The Cargo.

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  • What’s The Best Way To Save Money On Air Freight?

    Ship Only The Most Important Items, Pack In As Small Of A Box, Crate Or Pallet As Possible.

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  • Can I Pack My Items In Suitcases, Bags Or Plastic Bins?

    No, The Airlines Will Reject Any Cargo That Is Not Properly Packed. Must Be Packed In A Box, Crate, Or On A Pallet. If There Are Any Oversized Items Or Cargo Requiring Special Packing, Please Ask.

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  • What Is Typically Transit Time?

    Airport To Airport 3-5 Days On Average. Door To Door Varies Depending On Customs Clearance, Estimate 5-7 Days.
    Delays And/or Changes To Schedules Can Happen. Best Way To Make The Cargo Ship As Quickly As Possible Is To Make Sure All Paperwork Is Properly Filed Before Hand, This Eases The Customs Process.

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  • Are There Types Of Cargo That Cannot Be Shipped Via Air Freight?

    Yes, Anything Hazardous, Flammable, Dangerous, Chemicals, Computer Batteries, Live Animals, Perishable Items, Etc. The Decision To Refuse Completely Lies In The Quantity, Declaration, Packing Etc

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  • What Kind Of Paperwork I Will Need To Fill Out Ahead Of Time?

    We Will Send You Some Paperwork For You To Fill Out The Basic Information, Such As Shipper And Receiving Party Contact Information.
    Don’t Worry; We Will Take Care Of All The Export Custom And Paperwork For You.

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  • Shipping Terms

    Shipping Terms

    FREE IN, OUT, STOWED

    If A Freight Rate Is Quoted On FIOS Basis, It Means That The Shippers Are Responsible For And Bear The Cost Of The Loading, Discharging And Stowing Charges. The Ship Is Responsible For And Bears The Cost Of Bringing In The Vessel To Port, The Cost Of Pilotage, The Cost Of Tug, Etc. The Loading And Discharging Rates Are A Worry Only To The Shipper And This Is One Of The Things About Which A Shipper Has To Think Carefully. If The Vessel Overstays The Intended Period, The Shipper Has To Pay Demurrage.

    Free In/Out And Trimmed

    As Per FIOS But Includes Trimming, E.g. The Levelling Of Bulk Cargoes. FIOS Includes Sea Freight, But Excludes Loading/discharging And Stowage Costs.

    Free In And Out Stowed And Trimmed

    Charterer Pays For Cost Of Loading/discharging Cargo, Including Stowage And Trimming.

    FREE IN, FREE OUT

    The Shippers Are Responsible For And Bear The Cost Of The Loading And Discharging. The Stowage Charges Will Be Covered By The Ship.

    LINER TERMS HOOK / HOOK

    If A Freight Rate Is Quoted On LINER TERMS HOOK / HOOK Basis, It Means That The Ship Is Responsible For And Bear The Cost Of The Loading, Discharging And Stowing Charges. The Loading And Discharging Rates Are A Worry Only To The Ship.

    The Shipper/Receiver Arranges For Delivery Or Receipt Of Cargo To/from Directly Under Ships Hook. Shore-based Stevedoring Remains The Responsibility Of The Shipper/receiver.

    A Shipper, Therefore, Has To Consider Carefully When Signing A Contract And Should Know That Costs Just Before The Goods Are Loaded (or Just Before The Ship’s Crane’s Hook Lifted It – So To Speak) Or Just After They Are Discharged (or Just After The Ship’s Crane’s Hook Released It – So To Speak) Are For His/her Account.

     

    ADDITIONAL TERMS

    Free In/Liner Out

    The Shippers Are Responsible For And Bear The Cost Of The Loading; The Ship Is Responsible For And Bears The Cost Of The Discharging.

    Liner In Free Out

    The Shippers Are Responsible For And Bear The Cost Of The Discharging; The Ship Is Responsible For And Bears The Cost Of The Loading.

    These Terms May Be Used In Different Combinations And To Be Absolutely Sure Of All Liabilities, It Is Always Advisable To Request That Terms Clearly And Concisely Indicate What Is/isn’t Included In Your Particular Contract - In Layman’s Terms. 

    OTHER TERMS

    The Following Terms Can Be Encountered In Times Of Chartering, Booking Cargoes, Receiving Shipping Notes, Etc. Only What Are Essential In The Context Of Ethiopian Business Is Put Here. However, The List May Not Be Inclusive Of All The Terms That Are Essential To The Ethiopian Context And Hence The Terms Will Be Updated From Time To Time.

    ABT

    About

    ADDENDUM

    Additional Chartering Terms At The End Of A Charter Party

    AFFREIGHTMENT

    the Hiring Of A Ship In Whole Or Part

    AGW

    All Going Well

    ANCHORAGE

    When A Vessel Is Near A Port Or Coast (in A Suitable Place For Anchorage) Laying Anchors And Not Sailing (either For Purpose Of Repairs Or Waiting For Clearance/ Space Availability From The Port).

    A/S

    Alongside

    ASPW

    Any Safe Port In The World

    ATDNSHINC

    Any Time Day/Night Sundays And Holidays Included: Such Kind Of Clauses Are Inserted In Charter Parties Or Shipping Contracts To Indicate The Time/period The Vessel Will Be Loading Or Discharging

    ATUTC

    Actual Times Used To Count

    BAF (Bunker Adjustment Factor)

    A Fuel Surcharge Expressed As A Percentage Added Or Subtracted From The Freight Amount, Taking Into Account The Change Of Price For Bunkers (fuel Oil).

    BALE CAPACITY

    Cubic Capacity Of A Vessel’s Holds To Carry Packaged Dry Cargo Such As Bales/pallets

    BALLAST

    Heavy Weight, Often Sea Water, Necessary For The Stability And Safety Of A Ship Which Is Not Carrying Cargo

    BALLAST BONUS

    Compensation For Relatively Long Ballast Voyage


    BAREBOAT/ Demise Charter

    The Owner Gives ‘possession’ Of The Ship To The Charterer And The Charterer Hires Its Own Master And Crew. Charterers Take Over All Responsibility For The Operation Of The Vessel And Expenses For The Duration.

    BDI

    Both Dates Inclusive

    BENDS

    Both Ends (Load & Discharge Ports)

    BI

    Both Inclusive

    BIMCO


    The Baltic And International Maritime Council

    BL (Bill Of Lading)

    A Document Signed By The Carrier Which Acts As A Contract Of Affreightment, A Receipt And Evidence Of Title To The Cargo. The BL In Many Cases Is A Negotiable Document.

    BN

    Booking Note

    BOB

    Bunker On Board

    BOFFER

    Best Offer

    BROB


    Bunkers Remaining On Board

    BUNKERS

    Name Given For Vessels Fuel And Diesel Oil Supplies

    CAF

    Currency Adjustment Factor: A Surcharge On The Freight Amount, Taking Into Account The Costs That Are Incurred Arising From The Constant Changes Of The Exchange Rates Between The US Dollar And Other Currencies.


    CBM (Cubic Metres)


    Used As A Means Of Charging Freight Especially When A Cargo’s Volume In Cubic Meters Exceeds Its Weight In Metric Tonnes.

    CBFT

    (or CFT) Cubic Feet

    CFR Or (C&F) Cost And Freight

    Seller Pays The FOB Cost And The Freight Cost To A Nominated Port Or Pace Of Discharge.

    CHOPT

    Charterers Option

    CHTRS

    Charterers

    CIF (Cost, Insurance & Freight)

    Seller Pays All These Costs To A Nominated Port Or Place Of Discharge.

    COB

    Close Of Business

    COBLDN

    Close Of Business London

    C/SNEE Or CONSIGNEE:

    Name Of Agent, Company Or Person Receiving Consignment

    COP

    Custom Of Port

    CP Or C/P

    Charter Party

    CQD (Customary Quick Despatch)

    indicates The Loading Or Discharging Rate Customary At A Certain Port. That Means There Is No Special Obligation To Whoever Is Responsible For The Loading And Discharge Rates As Long As They Maintain The Customary Rate.

    DAPS

    Days All Purposes (Total Days For Loading & Discharging)

    DAMFORDET Damages For Detention

    Penalty If Cargo Is Not Ready When Ship Arrives For Working (1st Day Of Laycan). This Is Not Detention Which Is Charged For Ships Time On Delay.

    DESP Despatch

    Time Saved, Reward For Quick Turnaround - In Dry Cargo Only

    DET Detention

    (See DAMFORDET)

    DFRT Dead Freight

    Space Booked By Shipper Or Charterer On A Vessel But Not Used

    DRAUGHT (or DRAFT)

    Depth To Which A Ship Is Immersed In Water. The Depth Varies According To The Design Of The Ship And Will Be Greater Or Lesser Depending Not Only On The Weight Of The Ship And Everything On Board, But Also On The Density Of The Water In Which The Ship Is Lying (sea Water Is Denser Than Fresh Water).

    DUNNAGE

    Materials Of Various Types, Often Timber Or Matting, Placed Among The Cargo For Separation, And Hence Protection From Damage, For Ventilation And, In The Case Of Certain Cargoes, To Provide Space In Which The Tynes Of A Fork Lift Truck May Be Inserted.

    DWAT (or DWT) Deadweight


    Weight Of Cargo, Stores And Water, I.e. The Difference Between Lightship And Loaded Displacement.

    ETA

    Estimated Time Of Arrival (of A Ship At A Certain Port)

    ETC

    Estimated Time Of Completion (of Loading Or Discharging Of A Ship At A Certain Port)

    ETD

    Estimated Time Of Departure (of A Ship From A Certain Port)

    ETS

    Estimated Time Of Sailing (of A Ship From A Certain Port)

    EXW (Ex Works)

    The Buyer Pays For The Cost Of The Goods, The Transportation From The Factory (hence Ex Works) And The Insurance. In Other Words, The Seller’s Responsibility Ends At His Own Factory/warehouse.

    FENDER

    A Cushion (like Old Tires), Placed Between Ships, Or Between A Ship And A Pier, To Prevent Damage

    FEU

    Standard 40’ Container (or Forty Equivalent Unit)

    FHEX

    Fridays/Holidays Excluded

    FHINC (Fridays/Holidays Included)

    Such Kind Of Clauses Are Inserted In Charter Parties Or Shipping Contracts To Indicate The Time/period The Vessel Will Be Loading Or Discharging. (The ‘Fridays’ Clause Is Especially Applicable In Muslim Countries Where Friday Is A Holiday Instead Of Sunday)

    FME

    Force Majeure Excepted

    FOB

    Free On Board. Seller Sees The Goods "over The Ship’s Rail" On To The Ship Which Is Arranged And Paid For By The Buyer.

    FORCE MAJEURE

    Clause Limiting Responsibilities Of The Charterers, Shippers And Receivers Of Cargo.

    FYG

    For Your Guidance

    FYI

    For Your Information

    GNCN Gencon

    (GENERAL CONDITIONS)

    GRT

    Gross Registered Tonnage

    GSB

    Good, Safe Berth

    GSP

    Good, Safe Port

    HA

    Hatch (See Hold)

    HMS

    Heavy Metal Scraps

    HO (Hold)

    A Compartment Below Deck In A Large Vessel, Used Solely For Carrying Cargo

    IMDG

    International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code

    IMO

    International Maritime Organisation

    INTERMODAL

    Carriage Of A Commodity By Different Modes Of Transport, I.e. Sea, Road, Rail And Air Within A Single Journey

    ITINERARY

    Route, Schedule

    KNOT

    A Measurement Of Speed Equal To One Nautical Mile (1.85200 Kilometers) Per Hour

    LASH

    To Hold Goods In Position By Use Of Ropes, Wires, Chains Or Straps Etc.

    LAYCAN Or Laycan

    (Layday Cancelling Date)

    LAYTIME

    Time At Charterers Disposal For Purpose Of Loading/discharging

    L/C

    Letter Of Credit

    LEEWARD

    The Direction Away From The Wind. Opposite Of Windward

    LEEWAY

    The Sideways Movement Of The Ship Caused By Either Wind Or Current

    LOI

    Letter Of Indemnity

    LS (or LUMPS) Lumpsum Freight

    Money Paid To Shipper For A Charter Of A Ship (or Portion) Up To Stated Limit Irrespective Of Quantity Of Cargo

    LSD

    Lashed Secured Dunnaged

    MANIFEST

    Inventory/list Of Cargo On Board

    MT

    Metric Tonne (i.e. 1,000 Kilos)

    NOR

    Notice Of Readiness (such As Given By The Master Of A Ship To Indicate That His Ship Is Ready To Enter A Port)

    P&I

    Protection And Indemnity Insurance

    PCT

    Percent

    PERDIEM

    By The Day

    PER SE

    By Itself

    PORT

    The Left Side Of A Ship Looking Forward. Also A Harbor

    PWWD

    Per Weather Working Day

    SEAFREIGHT

    Costs Charged For Transporting Goods Over The Sea. This Does Not Cover Haulage Or Loading/discharging Costs But The Sea Transport Only.

    SEAWORTHINESS


    Statement Of Condition Of The Vessel (valid Certificates, Fully Equipped And Manned Etc.)

    SF (Stowage Factor)

    Cubic Space (measurement Tonne) Occupied By One Tonne

    1,000 Kgs Of Cargo

    this Is Useful When Calculating The Freight To Be Paid, As Freight Is Usually Quoted As USD (amount)/ WM, Which Means The Stated Amount Per Weight Or Measurement Is Whichever Is Higher.

    SHINC

    Sundays/Holidays Included

    SHEX

    Sundays/Holidays Excluded

    SSHEX

    Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded

    SSHINC (or SATSHINC) Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included

    Such Kind Of Clauses Are Inserted In Charter Parties Or Shipping Contracts To Indicate The Time/period The Vessel Will Be Loading Or Discharging.

    SOC

    Shipper Owned Container, This Is Mentioned When Quoting Freights. If It’s SOC, The Freight Is Usually Less.

    STABILITY

    It Is Very Important That A Vessel Is Stable In All Aspects At All Times. When Cargo Is Loaded Or Discharged, The Stability Is Monitored Taking Into Account The Weight And Position Of Cargo Within The Vessel.

    STARBOARD

    Right Side Of A Ship When Facing The Front Or Forward End.

    STEM

    Subject To Enough Merchandise (Availability Of Cargo).

    SUB

    Subject (to). Depending Upon As A Condition

    SUPERCARGO

    Person Employed By A Ship Owner, Shipping Company, Charterer Of A Ship Or Shipper Of Goods To Supervise Cargo Handling Operations.

    TBN

    To Be Named / To Be Nominated

    TC

    Time Charter - Owners Agree To Hire A Particular Ship For A Set Length Of Time And Provide Technical Management, Crewing Etc.

    TEU

    Standard 20' Container (or Twenty Equivalent Unit)

    WOG

    Without Guarantee

    WP (Weather Permitting)

    That Time During Which Weather Prevents Working Shall Not Count As Laytime

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